Clearing Up the Mystery of Residential Water Filtration Systems

11 December 2023
 Categories: Construction & Contractors, Blog


Clean, safe water is essential, and having a home water filtration system is one way to ensure that you and your family have access to it. But what exactly does a residential water filtration system do? Learning how water filtration systems work can help you decide if you need one for your home. 

Removing Contaminants

A residential water filtration system is a device that removes impurities from tap water, making it safe to drink and use for household purposes. These impurities can include minerals, chemicals, bacteria, and viruses that can cause health problems or affect the taste and smell of the water. Depending on the type of filter, a home water filtration system can remove several different types of contaminants.

Activated Carbon Filter

The most common home water filtration system uses an activated carbon filter. This filter contains carbon treated with oxygen to make it highly porous. It can absorb impurities like chlorine, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulate matter. These filters are usually installed in a pitcher or countertop unit, as well as in whole-house systems. The disadvantage of activated carbon filters is that they can become less effective over time and require frequent replacement.

Reverse Osmosis Filter

Another type of residential water filtration system is the reverse osmosis filter. This filter uses a semipermeable membrane to remove impurities like bacteria, salts, and minerals from the water. Reverse osmosis filters are typically installed under the sink and require a separate faucet for filtered water. Although they can remove a broader range of contaminants than activated carbon filters, they can also waste a lot of water and be more expensive to install and maintain.

Water Softener

If you have hard water, you may also want to consider a water softener as part of your home water filtration system. Hard water contains minerals like calcium and magnesium that can cause scaling and damage to your plumbing and appliances over time. A water softener uses an ion exchange process to remove and replace these minerals with sodium ions, making your water softer and easier to use.

A residential water filtration system may seem like a luxury, but it's a wise investment in your health and well-being. By removing harmful impurities from your tap water, you'll reduce your risk of developing health problems and improve the taste and smell of your drinking water. Whether you choose an activated carbon filter, a reverse osmosis filter, or a water softener, select a residential water filtration system that meets your needs and is installed by a qualified professional.